We’d like to discuss two classic research papers that deeply influenced our understanding of how to help dyslexic people succeed. Both were written by a team of four researchers at the Frostig Center in Pasadena, CA (Eleanor Higgins, Marshall Raskind, Roberta Goldberg, and Kenneth Herman).
The papers describe a 20-year follow-up study of 41 graduates of the Frostig School, which specializes in educating students with learning differences. Each contains several points that we think are important and useful for dyslexic individuals, parents, and teachers. We’ll discuss the first paper in this post.
The first paper (here) described 6 ‘success attributes’ that separated the 21 graduates who appeared successful 20 years after school from the 20 who were not. [Note: They defined ‘success’ as a combination of: life satisfaction, educational attainment, independent living status, family and social relations, psychological and physical health, crime/substance abuse, and employment status.]
These six attributes actually showed a greater relationship to success than either academic skill level or IQ. These six attributes are:
- Goal Setting
- Social Support
- Emotional Stability